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Anti fangs infantry

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Anti-tank rifles were invented at the end of the First World War. Their brief heyday came in the beginning of the Second World War, but after the tanks protivosnaryadnym book and hand grenades PTR quickly faded. These guns were used by nearly all countries that participated in the war. Within a few years they were “best friends” infantry combat armored vehicles. What guns were equipped protivotankisty different countries?

Mauser T-Gewehr (Germany)

The first-ever dedicated antitank rifle. Developed in Germany under the new 13-mm cartridge 13x92SR and was accepted into service in early 1918 as a temporary measure until a large-caliber “anti-gun» Tank und Flieger (TuF). As SSS had shock absorbers and effective muzzle brake, calculation of two people trying to change after two or three shots. Nevertheless, thousands of these PTR had to get to the front before the end of the First World War. Although the effectiveness of these guns was small, they chalked up more than a dozen tanks destroyed allies.

7,92 mm karabin przeciwpancerny wz. 35 (Poland)

PTR Malosheka design was accepted into service of the Polish army in 1935. For it was created for a conventional cartridge Polish rifles caliber 7.92 mm, but with a longer (107 mm) of the sleeve, so that the initial velocity of the bullet exceeded 1200 m / c. For the purposes of secrecy in Poland project was called “rifle for Uruguay.” Therefore, in some sources this gun is also called MFI «Ur». Excessive secrecy and a small number of issued guns led to the fact that in 1939 these PTR did not play any significant role in the fight against German tanks.

Lahti L-39 (Finland)

Anti-tank gun design Aino Lahti. On the eve of the Winter War of 1939-1940 Finns, like the Germans in the First World War, worked simultaneously on two samples of infantry anti-tank weapons: rifle and machine gun. During the test the prototypes on the front of the machine gun has earned sharply negative reviews, mainly due to the unreliability of work in winter conditions. A PTR showed himself well, and 1941 started its mass production. In this case, originally used by Lahti cartridge designed specifically for MFR, replaced by German 20mm anti-aircraft guns purchased by the Finns. However, if in 1939-1940 penetration Lahti L-39 was sufficient for a successful fight against Soviet tanks with light, then after a year or two against the T-34 and KV gun was ineffective.

Type 97 (Japan)

Japanese 20-mm anti-tank gun, designed on the basis of aircraft cannon. Due to the presence of high-explosive ammunition rounds, as well as the possibility of firing bursts successfully used for firing at unarmored targets (machine guns, light shelters and so on. N.). Armor-piercing shell makes it relatively successfully hit the light tanks bulletproof booking system but a lot of weight – 68 kg of ammunition and guard – essentially restricted maneuverability guns on the battlefield. In fact, it can be applied only to a fixed position.

Panzerb & uuml; chse 38/39 (Germany)

German anti-tank gun, as well as the Polish «Ur», was 7.92 mm caliber, but thanks to a special sleeve increased volume Muzzle velocity greater than 1200 m / c. This allowed the 100-meter punching 30mm armor. The first version was adopted as Panzerb & uuml; chse 38, next year there was simplified and lightened version Pzb 39. Although piercing allowed to fight with light tanks and tankettes, the pool is clearly not enough damaging effect. One attempt to compensate for this deficiency was the introduction of ammunition bullets containing chemical warfare agent (according to available data, tear-action).

Boys (UK)

This English antitank rifle was created in the second half of the 30s in Enfield under the leadership of Colonel Boyce. When firing bullets were used to develop a special .55 Boys (13,9 mm). Boys Mk.I was adopted by the British Army in 1937 and is actively used by the British and their allies during the Second World War (in the Pacific against the Japanese – until the end of hostilities). PTR “Boyce” in the Lend-Lease supplied to the Soviet Union, however, due to lower than samples with local characteristics of their use of our troops was limited.

PTRD and PTSD (USSR )

According to legend, the canonical, both SSS were developed at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War on the personal orders of Stalin’s less than a month, and on August 29 were adopted. In fact, the prototypes were tested in September and October 1941. First PTR Degtyaryova (PTRD), simpler to manufacture compared with guns Simonova (PTSD), came to the front in November 1941, large-scale production began in the 1942. Piercing cartridge BS-41 Ceramic core quite successfully hit the side of all types of German tanks – even appeared in 1943 “Panther.” It is the presence of a large number of Soviet infantry PTR forced the Germans used to attack tanks heavy booking, which is not always enough.

Also read:

Lyricist – Andrey Ulanov

Sources:

  • TsAMO RF small inventory of the Main Artillery Directorate.
  • Fedoseev SL tank destroyer of World. Infantry anti-tank weapons – guns, grenades, grenade launchers.

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