Home > Site news > As I learned to fight tanks. IS-2 – a heavy hammer Guard (WoT)

ИС-2 в Берлине

The success of the final offensive of the Red Army in 1944 largely contributed to the appearance on the battlefield of new heavy tanks IS-2 (EC-122). They are united in a separate heavy tank regiments. Given the importance of their tasks, this part of the “advance” awarded the title of Guards. In the event of a regiment IS-2 had an ace up his sleeve commander of the tank corps. First of all – as a reserve in case of meeting with the enemy tanks.

Each regiment consisted of four companies with five trucks and a tank regiment commander. Later, the formation and larger – heavy tank brigades.

“War Elephants” tank forces

Isa in the attack and protect the flanks fought counterattacking enemy tanks. They moved behind the combat formations of the column or in separate groups. They were also used in the capture of specific control points and road junctions. For this tank brigade was given a platoon or company ISov supporting tanks of the first echelon. Heavy machinery moving line, 200-300 meters from the “tridtsatchetvёrok” first tier. They were an unpleasant surprise for the deadly German tanks, trying to counter the T-34, or bombard them from ambush.

46-ton JS-2 was a formidable opponent for any German tank – as in the actions of the group and to fight one on one [1,999,022]

In defense of IP-2 repulsed the attacks of German armored vehicles, destroying gun emplacements and artillery. The tanks were put forward in the area of ​​probable enemy attack and build in a staggered manner – from a half to two kilometers in width and up to three kilometers in depth. It is also practiced by placing a small amount of ISov at the forefront, along with T-34, and the main heavy forces while keeping five kilometers behind to control all the possible ways to attack the enemy.

The key to successful action was a constant heavy tanks thorough investigation. Knowing it was necessary not only opponents but also about the details of the terrain. “Tridtsatchetvёrki” were able to go through and the swamp, and the sand, and light bridges. But sorokashestitonnye Isa could get stuck if you do not, then wear out prematurely chassis. If you needed to pave the way for them, could easily not be enough effort sapper platoon. And it threatens disruption of mission.

Before fighting tankers carefully prepared. All officers received cards with wrought decor, and crews up to each driver, familiar with the terrain and the front edge of enemy defenses. The crew knew each tank circuit actions of his regiment in a breakthrough.

IS-2 was reliable and could pass the skillful care of up to 100 kilometers per day, significantly closing the warranty on the engine operating hours.

Anatomy Tank elite

ИС-2 в засаде. 1-й Белорусский фронт Even before the Great Patriotic War Marshal Semyon Budyonny said “strong Red Army, but the connection will destroy it.” Therefore, to ensure heavy tank regiments – the most important percussion instrument of Soviet troops – sought to highlight how possible means of communication. The headquarters of each regiment IS-2 had a few radio stations – both for communication between their machines and to maintain contact with the upper hand. Staff at the reception were the radio clock, radio included tanks every hour for a few minutes. Therefore, the headquarters and regimental commander at any time freely to contact the company commanders and any tank separately. During long stops Panzer Corps gave a heavy shelf telephone. With headquarters are connected from each tank company. Also in the regiment were connected armored cars and motorcycles. So the guards regiments connection worked without a hitch, that armored forces as a whole was, alas, is not typical.

As Isa went into battle? Combat reconnaissance platoon consisted of tanks, armored personnel carrier platoon of sappers on the machine gunners and a pair of branches (about 20 people). Exploration moved 5-7 km ahead. After it is also ahead of the main force, it was an outpost camp, similar in composition, but without the sappers.

In order not to fall into an ambush, the commander of the regiment had not come in the head of the column, and the third tank. On the main column was operational group: a fast all-terrain vehicle “Willys” APC staff with walkie-talkie, an armored car and a couple of motorcycles for communications.

For tanks drove trucks with fuel, ammunition and food, sanitation and repairs cars, kitchen. When meeting with the enemy tanks unfolded in the battle order, the task force took place at the main forces, and other machines retreated into hiding.

infantry should be sent messengers, guides and tanks guarded at night.

Guards “sledgehammer” in action

After the investigation to find out where the enemy is, IS-2 sought to tie the fight at a distance of 1200-1500 m, where the guns of Soviet tanks, according to the crew outnumbered German. 122-mm gun of the tank generally regarded as the best means of combating enemy tanks at long range. Although the post-war writers often criticized the IS-2 for a small supply of shells, usually a car ammunition enough for a busy day of battle. What gun did not like the tanks themselves, so this is a great smoky cloud that unmask the tank with every shot.

In August 44th the three EC-2 destroyed six of the latest German tanks “Royal Tiger”, without losing the enemy fire a single machine [1,999,022]

Although the first SIGHT IS-2 did not have a review, fights in 1944 demonstrated that the tank at a distance of up to 1300 meters is able to hit the German “Panther” in any position, and earlier tanks – at a distance of two kilometers. Since July 44th Isa got a new scope, which is written in military reports, providing l “tactical superiority of our sights on similar samples of German” .

88mm German shell pierced the armor of the IS-2 early series at a distance of 800-1000 m. If the Soviet tankers were careless, they came under flanking fire of the Germans. But if Isa fought for instruction, moving the “jump” after the battle formations of the T-34, operated in tandem, we supported each other and conducted a thorough investigation, the enemy had hard times.

A skilled crew, even in single combat can destroy the most dangerous enemy technology. For example, in the battles on the Sandomierz bridgehead in just one day, August 13, 1944, three tanks Klimenkova lieutenants, and Belyakov Udalova fire from prepared positions destroyed six “royal tigers”. On our side there was no loss.

ИС-2 на дорогах Восточной Пруссии July 20, 1944 near the town of Mageruva Lieutenant Boris Slyunyaev under the cover of the second tank secretly moved to the intersection of roads and 10-15 minutes watching an enemy ambush. After all the firing points were to detect a tank Slyunyayev several accurate shots to destroy kilometer SAU “Ferdinand”, an armored personnel carrier and two guns from the calculations. In August 1944, the same Slyunyaev, covering a ferry across the Vistula, with the T-34 and artillery in three days of fighting repulsed 12 attacks, burned the “Tiger”, self-propelled gun and killed 50 German soldiers. In August, the regiment, which fought Slyunyaev, said the destruction of the 128-mm self-propelled guns – probably another “Ferdinand.” And in 1945, the city Lyuben Slyunyaev destroyed an armored train.

According to the memoirs of Soviet tank crews, heavy German tanks avoided attacking areas where defending Isa.

In the fighting in March 1945 the 82nd Regiment of IS-2 ammo shot about three per day, destroying 13 tanks and self-propelled guns, 42 guns seized five self-propelled guns and 40 locomotives. In Berlin, where the IS-2 were used in street battles, ammunition consumption also reached two or three ammo per day.

After the war, tankers rightly said “There is a difficult task, but there is no unsolvable problems. We have a & ldquo; In & rdquo; Cubed: saw, hit and destroyed. If someone will fall to us, he will not leave alive “.

See also:

Lyricist – Eugene Belas

Sources:

  1. TsAMO, f. 3405, op. 1, d. 88
  2. Bahurin. Panzerjager Tiger (P) Ferdinand. Tactical Press, 2014.
  3. Yellow I. Pavlov, Pavlov M. Sergeev IS tanks in battle. Tankomaster, 2002.
  4. Russian Archives: The Great Patriotic War: T. 15 (4-5). Battle for Berlin (the Red Army defeated Germany). M .: Terra, 1995.
  5. Website “The feat of the people” .

(c) 2015 [1,999,113] World Of Tanks [1,999,115]

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