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Between two fires

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What kind of armor would have different powers of the world in the period, as the planned use of these tanks and the theory embodied in practice on the battlefields. About this tells Eugene Belas, which, fortunately for the general reader, not only to specialists in history, but also a writer. That is – no heavy style, transforming even a very interesting study in boring report, you are not threatened. In the work on the “tank of the interwar period” is widely used archival material, including some that previously in the scientific revolution did not fall. Thanks to the original sources of this kind book offers a new way to look at a number of conflicts that occurred between 1918 and 1939.


Eugene Belas

“Tanks of the interwar period,” a series of “Fighting application”

2014, 224 pp., hardcover, the book used colored “outset “schemes and illustrations, coated paper

Circulation 5000 copies.

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Евгений Белаш «Танки межвоенного периода»

Chapter 1: Lessons of the Great War

The First World War – the time the tank opening. In the flame of her fights forged tactics first bronechastey: English, German, French. To explain why the tankers operating in 20-30th years just so and not otherwise, the author uses the example of the use of tanks in the Battle of Amiens in August 8, 1918 – “black day” of the German army.
Then the story moves to the far east of the Western Front, to the territory of Russia. Here at this time struggling to survive the young Soviet Republic: Civil war, the British and the French are active military assistance to the Whites. To learn how to fight, “Stamps V ” and “Whippet” Tsaritsyn on Kahovsky springboard as the white armor covered the retreat of their units in the Crimea, as the Red troops learned to fight with tanks, – described throughout most of the first chapter. Analyzes the reasons for successes and failures in the actions of the two warring parties.

At the end of the chapter the author talks about the qualitative changes in the armies of Britain, the US and France that occurred during the First World War and after its closure. The numbers do not just say, and just cry about that war evolved into “industrial” and the further development of military affairs is doomed to move in this direction.

Chapter 2. Seeds Blitzkrieg

In this war theme is present as a dark cloud on the horizon. Thunderstorm broke out yet, but it will happen. You need to prepare, not to be vulnerable to the elements. The second chapter of the book talks about how the military of various countries have developed new techniques and methods of use of the tanks.

The reader is given the opportunity to “visit” in exercises and maneuvers in the UK, the United States, the Soviet Union and even in Germany, which according to the Treaty of Versailles tank forces have forbidden.

The author says enough about how the staff complement of armored units. It figures that make it easy to understand, E. Belas Dilute with plenty of diagrams. Thanks to them, not even the most discerning reader will be clear, for example, how to organize motorized detachment of the US Army in 1931. Or, as was to be carried out frontal attack on representations mechanized troops British troops in 1927.

Of course, it was not without plywood “tanks” German Reichswehr and the very real war machines of the Wehrmacht (the German army was called after the arrival to power of the Nazis.)

Chapter 3. “But there was not a coward Afghan and Zulu”

And here the reader expects a lot of “action”, and in a very exotic scenery. For example, the Third Anglo-Afghan War, which was the first in the region to use tanks and armored vehicles. Or fighting against the Red Army Basmachi in Turkmenistan. It would seem, why against people armed with rifles and sabers, we need tanks? Author detailed answers this question in the pages of the book.

The war in Morocco – not the most famous conflict. More interesting to learn how the Spanish troops fought with the rebellion of Muhammad Abd al-Karim in Morocco in 1921. Again, it appears that the tanks – it indispensable tool for infantry and cavalry. Especially in mobile warfare, which was a scramble Spaniards and reefs.

A little more exotic. South America, the Chaco War. Between themselves seized Bolivia and Paraguay. It is particularly interesting theater of war itself: the jungle, the unbearable heat and other “charms” of the tropics.

Finally – Africa. Italo-Ethiopian War. Again the heat, sand, catastrophically small number of roads and other problems. Italians direct text called the conflict “a war with nature.”

Chapter 4. “Earth to give farmers in Grenada”

The Spanish Civil War, which began in 1936, has become a real testing ground for armored vehicles from different countries. It met at the Battle of the German, Soviet, Italian cars.

It was found that for the tanks is the preferred weapon cannon and machine-gun is not. It turned out that bulletproof reservation can not ensure survival in a battle tank and its crew, because the army in mass quantities received light and rate of anti-tank guns. Very dangerous for the tanks were bottles of flammable liquid – this later led to the development of the protection of the engine compartment of the tank from flowing ognesmesi.

detected a whole the importance of discipline and training of fighters, debugging competent interaction between “identical” units and between the different branches of the military, the need for quality intelligence and networking.
Interestingly, in this chapter the least illustrations. But a lot of places reserved for the quotes from the various documents of the time. With this reader gets information like first hand, from the direct participants in the events.

Chapter 5. Far East

Conflicts on the CER, at Lake Khasan and Khalkhin Goal known enough widely, but the information on them is controversial and not always complete. In this chapter, the author makes a number of gaps and reveals some new facts about these local battles of the Red Army.

tells how the Soviets helped the Chinese and even took part in the fighting on their side during Sino-Japanese conflict.

Separately, teaches the use of tanks in battle at Hassan and Khalkhin Gol and the conclusions that were made on the basis of the experience gained. Again raised questions proficiency tankers importance of literacy interaction and exploration.
One of the interesting points of Chapter – a report on the trials of Soviet specialists captured tanks “Ha-Go”. In particular, the shortcomings of this machine, which, in spite of them, has become one of the most massive army tanks in Japan.

Chapter 6: “If tomorrow a hike”

There is a perception that, when the Red Army in September 1939 came to Poland, this campaign appeared to her a cakewalk. The final chapter of the book “Tanks of the interwar period,” says another. Of course, the scale tank battles near future in this conflict was not observed, but some fighting still had.

The author again focuses attention on specific issues of the Red Army of the period. Namely: the weak organization of exploration and interaction with other departments, whether the work of communication. Notes the difficulties control tank corps, and supply problems, literally haunted by Soviet troops.

In the Baltic states in 1940, these mistakes again surfaced. And, although the documents were anxious to headquarters, unfortunately, the Red Army did not manage to correct these deficiencies before June 1941.

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