Home > Site news > “Exorbitant” medals of the Soviet Union (Aces)

Red Army expelled the war against the Soviet territory by the end of the 44th year. Ahead were the country that the Germans captured States – allies of the Reich and Germany itself – “the heart of the beast.” Fighting the way the Soviet soldiers and officers outside the Soviet Union celebrate the seven special combat medals. The Technical Committee of the Main Quartermaster Directorate of the Red Army began work on their project April 19, 1945. June 9, these medals were approved by decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

In spite of its importance, the medals were simple and concise: on the front side the inscription “For the taking,” or “For the liberation,” and on the back – the date of the event and a small five-pointed star.

So what the city on the map of Europe have been immortalized in brass seven “foreign” medals?

For the liberation of Belgrade

«Запредельные» медали Советского Союза

On-occupied Yugoslavia at the end of September 1944 were deployed forces of Army «F», 2nd Panzer Army and Army Group “Serbia”. The troops who participated in the Belgrade strategic operation were presented part of the forces of the 2nd and 3rd Ukrainian fronts, three Bulgarian armies and compounds the People’s Liberation Army of Yugoslavia. The aim of the offensive was the defeat of the enemy in Yugoslavia and the interception of communications by which the enemy could be evacuated from Greece.

Before the end of the first decade of October, the Red Army invaded the valley of the Morava River, captured the city of Pancevo, defeated the enemy to the south of Belgrade and is surrounded by a large group of Germans south-east of the city. Because of this, the actual assault on the Yugoslav capital was tightened. Only on October 14, Soviet troops broke into Belgrade. After six days, the city was completely liberated.

Medal “For Liberation of Belgrade” were awarded about 70 000 people.

For the liberation of Warsaw

«Запредельные» медали Советского Союза

1st Belorussian Front went on the approaches to Warsaw in July 44th and immediately made an attempt to take the city failed. After the “Bagration” in troops Rokossovsky it had no strength.

By January 45th the Red Army pulled reserves. It began one of the biggest offensives of the war – the Vistula-Oder. At this time, the Germans drew off some of the forces on the Western Front to strike in the Ardennes. The moment was favorable.

push the enemy beyond the Vistula, the Soviet troops crossed it in stride, swept the enemy group to the west and began the assault. January 17, after heavy fighting, Warsaw has been cleared of the enemy, and came under the control of the Red Army.

Medal “For Liberation of Warsaw” as of 1995 had been awarded to approximately 700 000 people.

For the capture of Budapest

«Запредельные» медали Советского Союза

In early 1945, in Germany, in Europe, there is only one government-aligned – Hungary. Budapest offensive of the 2nd and 3rd Ukrainian Front began on 29 October and lasted for more than three months – until February 13, ’45. Fights during this operation were so fierce character that Budapest was called “Danube Stalingrad”.

During November and December, the Red Army entered the outer defensive perimeter of the Hungarian capital. Take a city on the move failed, so while the Soviet troops were engaged in the defeat of the enemy to the north and south of the city to surround the group of German-Hungarian troops in Budapest. This was done in late December, with three times the opponent gets in a strong counterattack. Ultimatum demanding the surrender of the garrison was nominated surrounded by 29 December, but parlamentёry could not even come close to the positions of the enemy: both groups Germans fired machine guns and mortars. Three parlamentёrov died.

Four weeks in Budapest were violent street battles. The main role played in them Soviet assault groups, and part of the sapper. January 18 fell Pest – eastern part of the city. February 13 surrendered faction will defend.

Medal “For the Capture of Budapest” was awarded about 362,000 people.

For the capture of Koenigsberg

«Запредельные» медали Советского Союза

Konigsberg at all times was a fortress. And the East Prussian operation the Red Army, which was conducted in 1945, was one of the most difficult and bloody.

In March 1945, Soviet command began to prepare for the final assault of Koenigsberg. In it were involved troops of the 3rd Belorussian Front and the Samland Group of Forces under the command of Bagramyan. The battle for the city began April 6.

Before storming troops marched into Koenigsberg, his days “processed” artillery. As with the capture of many other cities, wide application assault groups – small mixed units, the most effective in terms of street fighting. For two days the Red Army was able to completely cut off the Konigsberg garrison. April 9 the Germans made a last unsuccessful attempt to break out of encirclement. Then, realizing the futility of resistance, the main group surrendered. The last pockets of resistance in the city were suppressed on April 10.

Medal “For the Capture of Koenigsberg” was awarded about 760 000 people.

For the capture of Vienna

«Запредельные» медали Советского Союза

Shortly after the fall of Budapest, the Germans held their last major offensive on the Eastern Front – in Hungary, at Lake Balaton. Adventurous operation ended in failure, and almost immediately after it, Soviet troops made a dash to the capital of Austria – Vienna.

The fighting erupted in the city on April 6. The Germans had to squeeze out every quarter. By the 10th day of the garrison appeared surrounded on three sides and could only move west across the Imperial bridge. He tried to capture storm troopers, planted the Danube Flotilla, but the resistance was too strong. The men were forced to lie down just a half a kilometer away from the goal.

The decisive assault took place on April 13. He was so fast that by the middle of the day Vienna finally passed into the hands of the Red Army. What’s left of the garrison, quickly took over and has not captured the bridge.

Medal “For the Capture of Vienna” was awarded more than 277,000 people.

For the capture of Berlin

«Запредельные» медали Советского Союза

April 16, 1945 the troops of the 1st Byelorussian and the 1st Ukrainian Front began the most important and most ambitious offensive of the Red Army in Europe – the storming of Berlin. In fact, to get to the city, it took five days. April 21 Soviet tanks were already on the outer defensive ring.

Berlin lasted until May 2. Soviet assault groups were purified by his opponent, house by house and block by block. It was a very difficult task when you consider that every little bit firm building the Germans turned into a firing point, the streets were a lot of obstacles, bunkers and barricades.

On April 29, Soviet troops hoisted the Victory Banner over the Reichstag. The next day Hitler committed suicide after learning that help nowhere to wait, and the time of the Third Reich irrevocably come to an end. At night, May 2 Berlin fell.

Medal “For the Capture of Berlin” was awarded more than 1.1 million people.

For the liberation of Prague

«Запредельные» медали Советского Союза

Berlin fell, but still keep the defense of Czechoslovakia quite powerful group of German troops. Prague offensive was to be the last strategic operations of the Red Army in World War II.

In Czechoslovakia there was a large group of German troops. When the Soviet troops came to Prague, they began to retreat to the west. At the same time, a rebellion broke out in Prague, with the result that the situation was such that most of the enemy got into the boiler to the east of the city.

Soviet troops on the night of 8 to 9 May made a rapid dash for Tank Prague and occupied it on the same day. Surrounded by German group surrendered May 11, 1945 after a series of powerful attacks and shelling. The last battle of the Great Patriotic ended, and with it the war …

Medal “For Liberation of Prague” was awarded about 400 000 people.

(c) 2015 [1,999,112] Aces gg [1,999,114]

Source link.

Опубликовал Kornet Faev Comments Off on “Exorbitant” medals of the Soviet Union (Aces)

Нет комментариев.