Home > Edd news > How to learn to fight tanks. Workers of “small” conflict

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Otgremeli battles of the First World War. After the loss of the vast world had hoped that wars will no longer be talked about this policy, the press wrote. But the reality was much darker. Instead of one big war in the twenties and thirties of the first half almost around the globe: in Afghanistan, Morocco, Syria, Iraq – went great “small” wars, where he killed people and used the latest military equipment.

Hard science small wars

In a small, colonial, war, the enemy stubbornly refused to fight by the rules, avoiding open battle. Whoever fought with the armies of the European type, they knew that the modern weapons will not help outnumbered and will not save courage. Therefore, the Europeans have a hard time to seek out the enemy in the mountains and deserts. Colonial soldiers risked to be away from their strength, surrounded by enemies, armed not only spears and daggers, but with modern rifles.

In colonial wars armored vehicles used as a means of strengthening the quality and support the troops

The situation was aggravated by the fact that the colonial soldiers often lack proficiency: the surviving veterans of the First World gone to rest, but the inexperienced soldiers sometimes do not even know how to shoot straight. And the overall combat training limping. In Central Asia, the Soviet troops often ambushed as on the border of British India and Afghanistan. And in Morocco carelessness led to the defeat of the Spaniards in parts of their twelve thousandth army.

logical way was the use of armored vehicles: armored cars, tankettes, and even tanks, the benefit of World War II in this area has left a great legacy. But the armored monsters weighing tens of tons, capable of demolishing the fortified line, physically could not get to the places of fights in new wars. They would not survive, no bridge, would not have enough fuel, and yet unreliable caterpillars.

Benefit easy technique

Therefore, in small wars used light tanks. In Damascus (Syria) with the help of their rebellion was suppressed. In the mountain gorges of Afghanistan was enough for a tank to control the whole valley. And two or three machines could perform almost any task: to conduct reconnaissance, attack, defend the flanks or cover the withdrawal.

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However, tanks, trucks, tractors demanded more and more fuel and ammunition. Afghan and Moroccan tribes themselves in their favorite situation for centuries – raids and ambushes. They are not always able to find even aircraft: in Afghanistan and Tajikistan arrow tribes hid under overhanging rocks, invisible from the air, and in the deserts of Central Asia – in the sands of nearby wells.

The tanks could not cover every kilometer of road. Therefore, the British in the mountains had to create a complex system of small outposts and mechanized patrols. Surprisingly, the guns of British armored cars and tanks can not always rise to attack targets high on the mountain. In Morocco, the tanks to the night grew on the perimeter of the camp, forming a wall, the spaces between which are laid stones.

hardships of colonial front

But even tanks could not always compensate for errors or planning tactics. For example, Spain, seeing that she could not cope with the Moroccan highlanders – reefs – bought a dozen of French tanks “Reno” and six tanks “Schneider”. However, the first battle tanks, March 18, 1922 was formed not too successful. Tanks should have to cover the attack, but on the road broke away from the Corps for almost a kilometer. Moroccans are not afraid of new weapons and quickly found dead zones tank guns. Highlanders even daggers stuck in the gap tanks – as one of the drivers was injured in the face. Worse, the machine guns were mounted on tanks just a day before the fight, and in the heat untested weapons quickly start to go crazy because of the faulty cartridges.

Moroccans were not afraid of tanks and quickly found dead zones guns . Highlanders even daggers stuck in peepholes – as one of the drivers was injured in the face

Tankers had to throw three cars stuck or disarmed. Two of them could not be repaired, and later Moroccans simply undermined their dynamite. Reefs arranged on narrow mountain roads ambush on single tanks, trying to thrust an iron rod into a caterpillar, then pour immobilized tank with gasoline and set on fire. This tactic could work if there were no other nearby cars, shot the attackers with a machine gun or buckshot out of a cannon.

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Spanish tanks rehabilitated himself in the amphibious assault in September 1925 – almost a rehearsal of the Normandy landings. Tanks that have been uploaded to the shore reefs forced to hand over some mountain heights almost without resistance, in some cases not even armored infantry needed help. In addition to direct participation in combat tanks pulled stuck trucks and tractor towed 75-mm guns and special carts with loads up to 600 kg, took out the wounded.

“younger brother” of tanks – wedges – is not forgiving negligence tactics. In the autumn of 1931 the Soviet detachment (about 150 trucks and platoon tankettes T-27), believing intelligence, suddenly ran into a detachment of about 600 Basmachi dug shelters for archers and special pits to fight tankettes. According to the rules had to throw everything forward wedgies and directly under their guise to promote infantry and machine guns. However, the forward sent only one tankette, which came into the pit, was shot in the gap in the fence and burned. Killed its crew, as well as commander of the detachment.

Thus, small wars, despite the tiny by the standards of world wars, the number of active equipment, gave a number of important lessons. And most important of them – in any case, one should not underestimate the enemy, even looking weak and primitive, be sure to take into account the strengths and weaknesses of his technique.

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