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Пехотные шлемы Первой мировой войны
Friends, these days, we remember the beginning of the First World War. One of the historical symbols of the era undoubtedly steel tank and … .. helmet. About tanks you know a lot, I’m sure! But on the infantry helmets – let’s talk.
Helmet (from the French. Casque – helmet) – PPE, helmet troops , and head protection in the categories of persons operating in hazardous environments (miners, construction workers, spelunkers, lifeguards, athletes, paratroopers, motorcyclists and so on). Infantry helmets have been widely used during the First World War.

Actually, the main options for new infantry helmet of World War there were two. On the one hand – the German “Stahlhelm”, who came in 1916 to replace the leather “Pikelhelm’u.” And on the other – a French army helmet “Adrian M1915”.

Helmet “Pickelhaube” was developed by order of the Prussian King Friedrich Wilhelm IV and are made of hardened leather. During his visit to Russia, the Russian Tsar Nicholas I gave the Prussian emperor helmet, which became the prototype of the future of the helmet. Decree of 23 October 1842 helmet “Pickelhaube” was introduced in the Prussian army. In 1849, in the duchy of Oldenburg, in 1870, in the Grand Duchy of Baden, and in 1887 in the Bavarian kingdom. “Pickelhaube” influenced the design of the British army helmet, and the helmet of the British “Bobby”. Metal “Pickelhaube” used cuirassiers. They are sometimes called “lobster tails” (because of the curved neck protection). A source – Russian version, remember, was established by Emperor Nicholas I, with the participation of the painter LI Kiel at the beginning of 1840

The First World War soon showed that infantry helmet should be changed. One of the developments steel helmet army group of General Gaede, who fought in the mountains. “Gaede Helmet” was impractical – thick metal plate protects the soldier’s head just in front, the other part of this helmet was leather.
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This protective helmet against shrapnel infantry first created the French army was equipped as a kepi. It was Colonel Louis Adrian helmet, which was created in 1915. Items made from polumilimetrovogo steel sheet. Helmets were stained in blue or blue.
In 1915, the Russian military attaché in France, Colonel Earl A. Ignatiev brings in Petrograd the valuable innovation in the French army, and insists on the immediate introduction of helmets in the Russian army. With great difficulty he manages to get the consent of the Russian command ordered 1 million helmets for the Russian army. By the end of 1915, “Adrian helmet” fall on the Russian front. Unlike their French only in the fact that on the front of the relief placed Russian double-headed eagle.
The Russian army began to receive helmets domestic production until the end of 1916. Was based on the French “Adrian helmet.” But Russian designers made their helmet solid, not teams of three parts. Metal helmet became much stronger. Instead of conventional steel armor was used. Under the name of “steel helmet sample 1916 ‘helmet was in November to enter the army.

Best helmet of World -” Stahlhelm “, was developed in Germany by Professor Shverdom from the Technical Institute Hanover and Dr. Bayer, Consultant Surgeon XVIII Corps. Observations of the wounded for 2.5 months showed that of the 102 head injuries 19% yield bullets, 71% – the pieces. Part of the fragments were small – the size of a grain legume or cherry stone. Already in the autumn of 1915 took the test prototype helmet in Kummersdorf. As a result, the thickness of the helmet remained 1.0-1.1 mm, and weight – less than one kilogram. Experimental batch of 30 thousand. Pieces has been released by the end of January 1916 and came to the troops at Verdun. Total in the First World War in Germany was produced 7.5 million. Stahlhelm and 50 th. Bronedetaley personal to them. M1916 helmets were protective coloration. They were replaced by M1917 and M1918.

The idea of ​​the helmet as a protective device, known since the Middle Ages, has received a new birth in the First World War. It was estimated that the use of helmets in the First World War reduced the loss of life by 12%, and 28% wounded. The proportion of head injuries in the total number of injuries decreased from 25% to 3%.
Stahlhelm became an important part of military equipment. Most designs of helmets from different countries existed before the Second World War. And some we see today.

Source http://dr-guillotin.livejournal.com

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