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In the Belarusian direction the winter ’43 – in the spring of the 44th Red Army had seriously. It formed the front position, and no matter how tried commanders, to break through the German defenses failed. Revenge was taken in the summer, when four Soviet front to the nines defeated the German Army Group “Center” in the Belarusian offensive operation.

His contribution to the victory was made not only to Soviet soldiers and officers, but also the designers at Throughout the war, to create new and more effective means to deal with the enemy. By the beginning of operation “Bagration” The Red Army has expanded its arsenal of five new products.

ISU-122

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With the increase in the number of “Tigers” and “Panthers” on the Soviet-German front, the Red Army has escalated the need to self-propelled guns, which could effectively deal with them.

One of the simplest solutions offered designers of the Chelyabinsk plant № 100. They redesigned the existing self-propelled gun ISU-152, replacing the 152-mm howitzer ML-20 122-mm gun A 19. This gun has a good ballistic properties, much better suited for shooting at moving targets at a distance and direct shot punched any tank, operated by the Wehrmacht at the time.

prototype ISU-122 was built in December 1943. He successfully passed the tests and was adopted by the Red Army in March 1944. ISU-122 were used not only to combat enemy armored vehicles, but also as an assault weapon, as well as firing from the closed position with a deficit of normal artillery.

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[1,999,007] Guards rocket mortar BM-31-12

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160-mm mortar model 1943 (MT-13, M-43)

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In the development of large-caliber mortars designers had to, among other things, address the charging of heavy projectile in a rather long barrel. Mina wanted to lift to a height of two to three meters, and do it without special tools it was almost impossible. But the Soviet designers were able to find a way out of the impasse.

160-mm mortar MT-13 as a whole was based on the traditional pattern, with one exception: it is not being charged with a muzzle and on the breech like the traditional cannon. For loading rocker shaft had lowered horizontally, and after dosylka mines – to raise the position for shooting. This complicated structure, but helped to bring the mortar to the level of full-fledged heavy artillery.

160-mm mortar model 1943 had no rivals and competitors in other armies. Foreign counterparts caliber from 150 to 210 mm, or made in small batches, or remained at the prototype stage.

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[1,999,003] Thank you for your help in the preparation of the material historians archival group Wargaming.

See also:

Sources:

    Kolomiets Maksim Viktorovich, Mikhail Makarov. Rocket artillery of the Red Army, 1941-1945. Front illustration, 2005.

    [1,999,149] Svirin MN Tank might of the USSR. – M .: Eksmo, Yauza, 2008. – ISBN 978-5-699-31700-4.

    [1,999,149] Isaev AV “Operation Bagration”. “Stalin’s blitzkrieg” in Belarus. – M .: Jauza; Eksmo, 2014. – 448 p. – ISBN 978-5-699-72841-1

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Опубликовал Poruchik Maaly Comments Off on Members “Bagration”

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