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Hello, friends! Here is a new release of “Tank nomenclature”, and today’s issue is devoted to American art. We know the difference between «T» on «M», in honor of whom are named American tanks and what have the British. Let’s start!

The names of American tanks used only two letter code: “T” and “M”. It’s easy to make a mistake, thinking that the “T” – a “tank”. Index “T” have the machines, which have remained at the stage of prototypes, pilot or experimental models, so in this case, “T” – this is likely, “test”, ie the “prototype.” The index «M» appropriated machines that have gone into production, and indicates it is likely a “model» (“model”).

Танковая номенклатура. Часть III: Кола и демократия! Танковая номенклатура. Часть III: Кола и демократия!
Serial M26 and upgraded in the field T26E4 [1,999,003]

All of you probably know that many American tanks are named after American generals and other prominent military, but few people know that the origin of this tradition … put the British!

For example, comes under the Lend-Lease to Britain Light Tank M3 was christened in honor of General Stuart Medium Tank M3 – in honor of General Lee (as modified for the British version of the M3 – in honor of General Grant). The most massive US Tank, M4, called the name of General Sherman as the British. During the American Civil War generals Jeb Stuart and Robert E. Lee fought for the Confederacy, and William Sherman and Ulysses S. Grant – on the side of the Union.

Танковая номенклатура. Часть III: Кола и демократия!
M3 Grant (left) and M3 Lee (right).
You can see the differences in the design of the rotating turret

tradition has taken root. M26 is named in honor of General John Pershing, who participated in the First World, M46, M47 and M48 – in honor of General George Patton, one of the main headquarters of the American generals during the Second World War, M24 – General Edna Chaffee, founder of the US armored forces, M41 – Lieutenant General Walton Walker, a member of two World Wars and the Korean War, and M36 – Thomas Jackson, the Confederate general.

Танковая номенклатура. Часть III: Кола и демократия! Танковая номенклатура. Часть III: Кола и демократия!
Chaffee M24 and M41 Walker Bulldog [1,999,003]

Another family name in the nomenclature – “Cunningham”. Kannighem James is the founder of “James Cunningham, the son and the company,” which initially engaged in the production of horse carts, and then – cars and armored vehicles.

Some names directly reflect the class of the car. Suffice minimal knowledge of English to know that “Light Tank”, “Medium Tank” and “Heavy Tank” – are, respectively, a light tank, medium tank and heavy tank. “AT” in the “T25 AT” – it is “anti-tank”, meaning “tank destroyer», “HMC” – «self-propelled howitzer chassis” and “Combat car” – «(lightweight) fighting machine.” For completeness, we mention “Concept” and “Prototype”, although they should be and everything is clear – “concept sketch” and “prototype”, respectively.

Танковая номенклатура. Часть III: Кола и демократия!
T7, as Soviet tanks BT series, could move along the roads on wheels, without tracks [1,999,003]

There were American armored troops and without bright individual titles. “Priest” – is a “priest” (also, incidentally, the British name given), “Wolverine” – «Wolverine», “Locust” – «locusts” and “Hellcat” – «witch”, “devil”. Yes, directly related to cats Hellcat does not have all the armored seals come from Panzerwaffe.

There M36 Jackson, by the way, there was another informal name – “Slugger”, which is several freestyle interpretation can be translated as “hurts.” Do you know why M36 «has hurt” and M18 – no? Because in the serial Helkety their “top” 90-mm cannon never set, but put them on the Jacksons from the beginning.

Танковая номенклатура. Часть III: Кола и демократия! Танковая номенклатура. Часть III: Кола и демократия!
M18 Hellcat (left) and M36 Jackson (right) [1,999,003]

This is almost all that can be said about the American tank nomenclature. It remains only to deal with complex alpha-numeric index like “M4A3E8”. The first part, as you might guess, actually represents the base model of the tank. Index after the “A” stands for modification, but this is not so simple. We are talking about the modification, not the upgrade. When upgrading involves improving characteristics relative to the previous model, various modifications “A” can have substantially the same characteristics in parallel and discharged in the same time but at different factories. Fully unified production process in different plants is difficult, and it is not always necessary, and to avoid confusion between a model manufactured in different plants, and used additional indexes after the “A”. So “A1” manned petrol engines R975, “A2” – GM Diesel 6046, “A3” – petrol GAA V8, “A4” – petrol A57, and “A6” – diesel D200A. Almost all models M4 welded hulls were, in “A4” – welded on the sides and front cast, from “A1” with a 76 mm gun – fully cast. But the figure after the index “E” stood for, as a rule, the modernization of the basic model, that is an improvement relative to its predecessor.

Танковая номенклатура. Часть III: Кола и демократия! Танковая номенклатура. Часть III: Кола и демократия!
M4A1 casting housing with smooth curves (left) and angular weld M4A3E8 (right) [1,999,011]

(c) 2015 [1,999,067] Aces gg [1,999,069]

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Опубликовал Kornet Faev Comments Off on Tank nomenclature. Part III: Cola and democracy! (Aces)

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