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Tanks city: battle for the key points Syanno

In the third week of the Great Patriotic War became a small Belarusian town center and at the same time finishing point of major surgery. Syanno through bends Western Dvina and Dnepr German tanks opened anhydrous corridor to Smolensk. “Die Hard” passed from hand to hand, but many Soviet military vehicles have been unable to achieve a breakthrough in hostilities.

120 kilometers from Minsk, a third way – the quiet road. In Syanno can enter from five different angles. We drive by Chashnikov, this road in 1941 for the first time entered the city the German tanks. July 5 he left the Red Army, and only 6 July the Germans led by Guderian took the city. The story of the tank battles Syanno just beginning.

July 5, the road from Chashnikov

17 Panzer Division of the German 2nd Panzer Group sent in Senno.

July 5, the highway from Bogushevsk

There are Syanno move the main forces of the 18th Panzer Division 7 Mechanized Corps of the Red Army.

July 6 Syanno

Good battle group of the German 17th Panzer Division took the city and began exploration in the eastern and south-eastern direction. After receiving information about the approaching tanks and artillery of the Red Army, the Germans occupied defensive positions on the outskirts of a tank regiment and ordered his division to move in Senno.

July 6, the north-east of Syanno

The main forces of the 18th Armored Division of the 7th Mechanized Corps of the Red Army clashed with the Germans, two kilometers north-east of Senno. Only in the afternoon due to heavy battle the Germans knocked out of the city.

July 7 Syanno

In the documents of the 7th Mechanized Corps said that the city three times passed from hand to hand, but by the end of July 7 stayed for the Red Army. In this attack the Germans during the day maintained aircraft and artillery.

July 8 Zaozerye, Tuhinka, Skoplany

Germans, supported by artillery attacked the positions of the Soviet tank division Senno from three directions. Attacks were repulsed with heavy losses to the enemy. By noon, joined the German air force – under its cover Germans reoccupied the city and part of the Soviet regiments began to retreat along the highway Bogushevsk.

July 8 Latygovo, Savinychi

On Syanno transferred 14th Panzer Division 7th Mechanized Corps. She had to strike the flank and rear of the enemy. Offensive detained because of attacks by German aircraft.

July 9 Liozno

Tanks 14th Division went on the offensive, but on the orders of Staff of the 20th Army entire 7th Mechanized Corps began to retreat to the area Liozno.

Lepel counterattack. Historical background

At the beginning of July 1941 the situation on the Western Front became critical: occupied Minsk, defeated the main forces of the front. The Germans hoped that the road to Moscow open.

At this time, the Soviet command saw a chance to improve their situation and to stabilize the front. Major role in the counterattack were to play the 5th and 7th Mechanized Corps of the 20th Army of the Western Front. Their opponent was the German 4th Panzer Army, which is subordinate to the 2nd and 3rd Panzer Army.

Pliers two mechanized corps were to link up in the vicinity of the town of Lepel.

was a member of the 7th Mechanized Corps 1st Motorized Division was sent to Borisov to hold the crossings of the Berezina River. However, the German 18th Panzer Division has managed to capture the bridge and the bridgehead on the east bank. 1st Motorized Division remained on the defensive along the highway Minsk – Moscow.

Nomination of Soviet armored columns almost immediately fixed the German aerial reconnaissance. The main fighting took place on the river near the village and Chernogostitse Tolpin.

Columns 5th Mechanized Corps on the other side “Lepel ticks” were also found, and then subjected to fierce bombing by German aircraft.

The battle for the city Hay from 5 to 9 July decisive. Continue counterattack was hopeless, and Lieutenant-General P. Kurochkin, who commanded at that time the 20th Army, commanded the attack.

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Before the war, the population of Senno was 10 thousand people, it is now the village with 7.5 thousand inhabitants. Instead of tanks on the streets everywhere scurry large milk tankers. Here is valid only enterprise – creamery, built by the Czechs in 1964.

In the historical center, on the site of the castle hill, there are a fitness center and a stadium. Directly opposite – the lake. We pass through the dry reeds and find ourselves on the ice with the fishermen. Lake depth – 31 meters, glacial origin, stretches a narrow strip and enters Bogdanovskoye lake behind him – Lake Sarah. All around Syanno five lakes.

– Senno is located in the Lake defile, wherever svernesh – around bogs and forests – introduces us to places Senno local historian Vasily Bondarevich. – That’s why only on roads tanks could break into the city.

By the time the Germans occupied Syanno to him on three routes began to move parts of two buildings of the Soviet 20th Army of the Western Front.

We stop at the big intersection – at Golynka suburbs, where she lived before the war, Jewish poor. On the hill – the remains of the Jewish cemetery. Now here, as before the war, with pine trees. From this mountain is clearly visible central part Syanno – hence the Germans considered the city. Vasily V. reads from his book memories Soviet tanker: right on this spot where we now stand, there were tanks T-26 and controlled the entrance to the city.

Hence come from two roads – in the direction of Vitebsk and Bogushevsk. From Bogushevsk Senno column were tanks of the 18th Division of the 7th Mechanized Corps, commanded by FT Remizov. So we come to the battle, which took place near the village of New Village, when the Germans went around the lake and tried to cut off the road and break through to Golynki from the rear.

– But then the Germans ambushed with HF and defeated them, – says Basil V. otlistyvaet and his book on the history of Syanno to a page with a picture of Valentina Volkova. It is this battle has spawned watercolors, a copy of which we have seen in the local museum, and the original is in the Minsk Museum of the Great Patriotic War.

We’re going to a place where painted his painting “Tank battle of Senno” Alexander Nazarchuk. The so-called Soldier Mountain is located on the outskirts of the city, here is a road to Kozlovka and Popovka – the village, which also appear in the description of tank fights. We go down the hill to the edge – the city at a glance, here ends Orsha hill. Located on the mountain, Soviet artillery battery and struck at the Germans in the city.

– From the weather is nice, you can see any point in the city – says local historian. – It was especially valuable in the absence of cards.

Здесь заканчивается Оршанская возвышенность. Отсюда артиллерия и наносила удары по танкам в городе

From the south the Soviet tanks came into town from the lakes and Kulikovskoe Rohalskoe. Now this village Friendship, there live the workers who serve the eponymous oil.

The last point of defense of the Soviet troops in the south-west Senno. From here the city is street October.

– Germans drove to the village only the husk. Here ended our trenches, then – neutral zone and the Germans.

Counterstrike two mechanized corps in the area Syanno slowed the German advance, but not prevent it. This is only a small part of the tank operations, which were involved in more than fifteen hundred tanks on both sides. Despite the size, this battle is still the “shadow”. In the next article we will talk about how Vasily Bondarevich their own local history restores global scale.

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