Home > Edd news > Tanks in the city: the history of the battle of Senno in subjects

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In July 1941 tank battle in the neighborhood gathered Syanno about fifteen hundred tanks. In 2011, in commemoration of the battle in the central square of the city established the IS-3. Among other memories of a great battle – concise exposition of the museum, which brought together local ethnographer and artist Vasily Bondarevich.

The tour starts in a small corridor, plastered with posters: Soviet soldiers, ordinary German Army artillery in the form of those times when they fought in Senno. Soviet tankers were at that time well equipped.

Posters Exposure author drew on their own, no wonder he graduated from Vitebsk hudozhku the same as Marc Chagall. Photos commanders tank divisions, General Vinogradov, General Alexeenko, Soviet and German tanks on the battlefield for the most part taken from the Internet.

image On the left hand our guide – a large map of Belarus with the routes of tank groups Guderian and Hoth. It is through Senno district lapels two major rivers Dnepr and Western Dvina – were corridor to promote tanks from Minsk to Smolensk. On the opposite wall – detailed map of tank battles at Syanno prepared under the historical sources and eyewitnesses.

After the war, the city came to national artist Valentin Volkov, author of the coat of arms of the Byelorussian SSR and the famous painting “Minsk July 3, 1944”. The painting, which he wrote in Senno, goes tank battle near the village of Trubonosy now Sinegorye: Soviet KV-1 rams German tank Pz.Kpfw. II. The museum hangs a copy of which is made with colored pencils Basil Bondarevich. The original is in the Museum of the Great Patriotic War in Minsk.

– These tanks were the Germans: a 20-mm gun, – says local historian. – Soviet KV stopped only in the depth of the German defense – 36 hits, but only with his howitzer shot down when the tank got stuck in the swamp.

But the most interesting thing in the film – the tanks, which are depicted in the background:

– I very carefully redrawn and in all forms – a T-50. They do not occur in any document, rare, should keep pace with the T-34, but they managed to produce only a few dozen. Were more chemotherapy, chemical tanks. This Flame tank, most likely intended to burn pillboxes.

The biggest artistic value of the exposure – the original oil paintings of the artist from Minsk Alexander Nazarchuk “Tank battle of Senno.” Written painting in 1986 commissioned by the Directorate farm named after Karl Marx (the village of Studenka). The painting goes on the attack Soviet tanks in the background visible church and the old building of the local district council, which now houses a museum of local lore. According to eyewitnesses, the Soviet tanks attacked mainly at night, to avoid being attacked by German aircraft.

With a history, however, diverges art. The painting depicted the artist mistakenly-16, although at that time in the sky hung German “Junkers-87”. Of tanks, painted the picture in the 18th Division were only Remizov KV-1 – 10 pieces. And in the German 17th Panzer Division at that time had no tanks T-IV 1942 c muzzle brake and 75 -mm cannon.

– This is the German tanks the time – Vasily V. shows showcase under the picture with paper mockups. Layouts did native Syanno Mikhail Gavrilov. He taught at the music school dances, but really he was drawn to the art.

– He always said, why are you with these papers vozishsya. So he moved to first in Vitebsk, then in Gorki, and now works in Russia.

Some models Mikhail Gavrilov still remains in the museum: it is Soviet aircraft, HT, BT-7, T-34, HF 1, HF-2.

– And here it is – our enemies – says Vasily V. at the stand with the “Junkers”, “Messer” and the German tanks T-III in winter camouflage.

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In one of the windows Vasily V. collects miniature soldiers – they are sold with the magazine. Figures are in chronological order from 1941 to 1945.

– Here and sailors, and Cossacks. This is not everything, buy tomorrow soldier armored units, – says he laments that the figures Germans somehow have not yet released.

An important part of the exhibition – the history of the partisan movement in Sennenschine. Dense, impenetrable forest area is well promoted that Sianno Orsha-guerrilla zone was one of the strongest and most numerous. It is interesting that many of the commanders of partisan brigades were here after tank battles.

We stand at the last card in the exhibition, and our guide cites party “Operation Bagration”: “I remember the heavy bloody battles Syanno 1941 under the 5th and 7th mechanized corps, and I can say that now the Germans are here in a position to what we were in 1941 “. Thus, according to local lore, “Soviet tanks finally avenge the defeat, which suffered under Syanno in 1941.”

In the next article we describe in detail about the history of the battle for Senno, as well as show you how to look now places which in 1941 brought together fifteen hundred tanks, where there was a Soviet artillery and where artists drew subjects for his paintings.

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