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The new branch of French tanks not quite normal: it includes a total of seven machines. The reason lies in the history of the Second World War and the long years of occupation interrupted the evolution of the French tank industry. Read more about the history of the French newcomers World of Tanks read our digest.

FCM 36 [1,999,003]

История французского танкостроения. Техника обновления 9.7. Типичные французы

thirties of the last century, a French light tank Renault FT 17 is hopelessly outdated. There was a competition for the design of the new tank support infantry, which was won by the company Forges et Chantiers de la Méditerranée (FCM).

The prototype tank went on trial in April 1935, and in 1936, after a number of structural improvements and increasing the thickness of armor from 30 to 40 mm, was adopted. The machine is called FCM 36.

In the history of the world of tank the tank can be safely called innovative. His armor was protivosnaryadnym and establishes a rational angles that provide excellent protection against armor-piercing shells of the time. The diesel engine delivers high power reserve tank on one filling. Housing tank, fully welded, as a novelty.

FCM 36 meet the requirements of the military, but it had two serious drawbacks: it was too heavy for machines of its class (12.35 m) and very expensive to produce. Total built 100 tanks of this type.

Renault R35 / R40 [1,999,003]

История французского танкостроения. Техника обновления 9.7. Типичные французы

developed in 1934 as an infantry support tank. Compared to the FCM 36 is not as innovative: the case of cast members bolted armor plates installed almost vertically. On the other hand, the method of assembly, more familiar to the industry, provides an acceptable cost of the machine.

R35 weighed 10.6 tons, armed with 37-mm cannon and machine gun short-caliber rifle. The maximum thickness of 44 millimeters booking reached. The crew was two people. In 1938, the tank was modified by installing a long-barreled 37-mm cannon and chassis improvements. The weight of the new machine increased to 12.5 tonnes, this modification is known under the designation R40. Such tanks fired about 120

Renault R35 – the most massive French light tank of the Second World War. It was built about 1500 copies of the machine, of which more than 550 were exported. The French army used these tanks in all theaters of war: in Europe, Syria, Tunisia, Algeria.

Somua S35 [1,999,003]

История французского танкостроения. Техника обновления 9.7. Типичные французы

This medium tank was intended for the French cavalry (in fact – tank) divisions. Developed by Somua in 1935. Until 1940, France was considered a very good tank and come into service exclusively French troops.

Housing tank cast, assembled on bolts, Tower – cast, single. The maximum thickness of reservation – 40 mm. Armament: 47-mm cannon and machine gun caliber 7.5 mm. The crew consisted of three people. It was built about 500 tanks of this type.

During World War II, was used in France and in Tunisia. Three hundred S35 captured and used by the Germans, including the USSR. Some of the tanks were converted into artillery tractors. In 1944, after France back on the map of Europe as an independent state, the French army won a number of Somua S35, captured from the Germans.

S40 / SARL 42 [1,999,003]

История французского танкостроения. Техника обновления 9.7. Типичные французы

In the spring of 1939 have been prepared on the modernization of the technical requirements Somua S35. Changes to be introduced to the design of the hull and running gear. However, the first prototype tank, later called Somua S40, and got a new welded turret. S40 planned to start mass production in July 1940, but this was prevented by the German invasion and the imminent defeat of France.

In 1942, in the occupied territories in strict secrecy under the direction of artist Maurice Lavirotta began to work on the project of deep modernization of S40. The main idea was to improve the characteristics of the tank, minimally intruding into the design of the chassis and power plant. The tank had planned to install a new tower, designed by ARL, so called tank SARL 42.

The updated body of the machine was more rational angles armor in the bow, a simplified form, as well as the new under-turret chase. Tower firms ARL had minimal silhouette when viewed from the front and was made by welding, which is unusual for a French tank production.

Work on the SARL 42 stopped the fall of 1942, after a full occupation of France by Germany.

Renault G1R [1,999,003]

История французского танкостроения. Техника обновления 9.7. Типичные французы

In the mid-30s were formed requirements to the new medium tank infantry support. After agreeing on requirements and adjustments (gain reservations up to 60 mm cannon equipment, capable of striking enemy armored vehicles and so on. D.), The project took to the development of seven French companies, including Renault. The tank is designated G1.

Interestingly, in the early stages of design engineers offered an option uninhabited tower with 75-mm gun, equipped with automatic loader. It was one of the first ideas of this kind in the world. Implementations prevented the technical complexity of the design.

Draft G1R tank is a machine with a cast housing, which is installed under the bronelisty rational angles. Tower hemispherical shape has been moved to the rear of the housing. It was a 47-mm gun, an option for installing a 75-mm.

was built one prototype, but to finalize the draft G1 French did not have time because of the German attack in 1940.

AMX 30 1er prototype [1,999,003]

История французского танкостроения. Техника обновления 9.7. Типичные французы

After a long break in the development of tanks of occupation during the Second World War, France quickly enough revived their tankostroitelnuyu industry. In 1956 he started a joint Franco-German program on the creation of the main battle tank.

The French concept at first glance seem controversial: the designers decided to abandon the heavy reservation in favor of mobility and compact size. In fact, the cumulative missiles developed by the end of the 50s to the extent that the thickness of armor lost its former importance. A fast and small destroy enemy tanks more difficult.

The first prototype machine, which received the designation AMX 30, was built in 1961. This machine is the lightest among the first generation of main battle tanks of NATO. AMX 30 could develop a speed of 65 km / h on the highway. As the main weapons used 105-mm gun.

After the tests and improvements, which lasted until 1965, AMX 30 was adopted by the French army.

AMX 30 [1,999,003]

История французского танкостроения. Техника обновления 9.7. Типичные французы

Tank is a production version of the French main battle tank developed in 1966 and put into operation in 1967. The body of the machine executes the method of welding and casting, the tower has been completely cast.

The new tank equipped with commander’s cupola with panoramic sight and multi-fuel diesel engine. 105 mm gun could control both the gunner and tank commander. To improve the accuracy of shooting the barrel supplied thermal jacket. As additional weapons used 12.7 mm coaxial machine gun and 20 mm cannon and 7.62 mm machine gun, controlled remotely.

The French are still relied on the mobility of the AMX 30, although the weight of the new model has increased from 30 to 36 tons. Speed ​​is not reduced due to good engine. In the Service of the French Army AMX 30, having a number of modifications, it remained until 1997.

Text writer – Vladimir Pinaev


Content Site www.chars-francais.net
Centre des archives de l’armement et du personnel, Châtellerault.
GBM. Histoire de Guerre, Blindés & Matériel. – 2012, №100.

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